Bangladesh is a low-income country with the population of 150.5 million. TB remains a major public health problem in Bangladesh: the country is among both high TB and high MDR-TB burden countries. More than 170,000 cases of TB including 106,790 smear positives were notified in 2012. Approximately, 70,000 people die from TB every year. The estimated MDR-TB burden is 1.4% among the new and 29% among the retreatment cases. (WHO World TB report 2013).

The Project: The USAID TB CARE II Bangladesh Project, launched in April 2011, is a five-year cooperative agreement awarded to the University Research Co., LLC led consortium (Partners In Health and other partners). Aligned with National TB Program strategic objectives and USAID/Dhaka strategic framework, the TB CARE II partnership’s activities complement the Global Fund and Government of Bangladesh efforts to strengthen all the components of Stop TB Strategy with a major emphasis on Universal and Early Access to TB services, Programmatic Management of Drug-Resistant TB, and Health Systems Strengthening.